MEYERHOF, OTTO

MEYERHOF, OTTO (1884–1951), German biochemist and Nobel Prize winner. Meyerhof, who was born in Hanover, was first concerned with psychology (he wrote a book Contributions to a Psychological Theory of Mental Diseases) and philosophy (he edited a journal Abhandlungen der Friesschen Schule, mainly for neo-Kantian philosophers), and worked in Krehl's clinic and at the Marine Zoological Laboratory in Naples. In 1913 he joined the University of Kiel, where he became professor of physiological chemistry (1918–24). In 1923 Meyerhof was awarded the Nobel Prize in physiology and medicine (shared with A.V. Hill) "for his discovery of the fixed relationship between the consumption of oxygen and the metabolism of lactic acid in the muscle." An associated phenomenon is known as the Pasteur-Meyerhof effect. In 1924 Meyerhof became head of a division in the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute of Biology in Berlin-Dahlem, and in 1929 head of the department of physiology in the Institute for Medical Research in Heidelberg. He elucidated the roll played by ATP (adenosine triphosphate) in energy transfer in biological systems and introduced the term "energy coupling." He was forced to leave Germany in 1938, and became director of research at the Institut de Biologie Physicochimique in Paris. When the Germans conquered France, he escaped, first to southern France, and then to America. He then became research professor of physiological chemistry at the University of Pennsylvania's medical school. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Nachmansohn, in: Science, 115 (1952), 365–8; idem, in: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, 4 (1950), 1–3; T.N. Levitan, Laureates: Jewish Winners of the Nobel Prize (1960), 124–7. (Samuel Aaron Miller)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Meyerhof, Otto — born April 12, 1884, Hanover, Ger. died Oct. 6, 1951, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S. German biochemist. His work on glycolysis remains a basic contribution to the understanding of muscle action, despite the need for later revision. He shared with… …   Universalium

  • Meyerhof, Otto — (1884 1951)    German scientist. He was professor of physiological chemistry at the University of Kiel. In 1923 he shared the Nobel Prize for Medicine and Physiology. He fled Germany in 1938 and became research professor of physio logical… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Meyerhof, Otto — (12 abr. 1884, Hanover, Alemania–6 oct. 1951, Filadelfia, Pa., EE.UU.). Bioquímico alemán. Su estudio sobre la glicólisis sigue siendo un aporte esencial para comprender la acción muscular, pese a que después fue necesario revisarlo. En 1922… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Meyerhof , Otto Fritz — (1884–1951) German–American biochemist Meyerhof, who was born at Hannover in Germany, devoted the greater part of his academic life to the study of the biochemistry and metabolism of muscle; he shared the Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine… …   Scientists

  • Meyerhof, Otto Fritz — (1884–1951)    German biochemist and Nobel laureate, 1923. Meyerhof was professor of physiological chemistry at the University of Kiel where he concentrated upon his investigations of the muscle. He shared the 1923 Nobel Prize for Medicine and… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Meyerhof, Otto Fritz — ► (1884 1951) Fisiólogo alemán. Fue premio Nobel de Medicina y Fisiología en 1922, compartido con A. V. Hill, por sus estudios sobre los fenómenos químicos en los procesos fisiológicos …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Otto F. Meyerhof — Otto Fritz Meyerhof (* 12. April 1884 in Hannover; † 6. Oktober 1951 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) war ein deutscher Biochemiker, der 1922 gemeinsam mit Archibald Vivian Hill für seine Forschungen über den Stoffwechsel im Muskel den Nobelpreis… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Otto Meyerhof — Otto Fritz Meyerhof (* 12. April 1884 in Hannover; † 6. Oktober 1951 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) war ein deutscher Biochemiker, der 1922 gemeinsam mit Archibald Vivian Hill für seine Forschungen über den Stoffwechsel im Muskel den Nobelpreis… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Otto Fritz Meyerhof — (* 12. April 1884 in Hannover; † 6. Oktober 1951 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) war ein deutscher Biochemiker, der 1922 gemeinsam mit Archibald Vivian Hill für seine Forschungen über den Stoffwechsel im Muskel den Nobelpreis für Medizin erhielt.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Otto Fritz Meyerhof — Meyerhof in 1948 Born April 12, 1884 Hanover …   Wikipedia

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